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Where Do Kangaroos Live? The Natural Habitat of Kangaroos in Australia

Kangaroos live in Australia and no other places. Kangaroos do not build nests; they have pouches to house their newborn babies. Threats to kangaroos’ national habitat include drought, urbanization, and the introduction of non-native animals.

Kangaroos are one of the most recognizable creatures on Earth. 

Their strong jumping legs and pouches differentiate them from most animals and they are a favorite among nature-lovers.

It’s natural that enthusiasts want to know where kangaroos live, how they live, and how different kangaroo species’ habitats differ.

In this article, we will explore everything you need to know about kangaroos’ natural habitat and why they live there.

Kangaroos Natural Habitat

Kangaroos are native to Australia. They live in every climate region of the continent, including desert plains, temperate grasslands, tropical rainforests, and more.

Kangaroos only live in Australia. They have adapted to both the mild and extreme climates[1] of the continent over time. 

As such, kangaroos live in the following climate zones:

  1. Desert
  2. Tropical
  3. Subtropical
  4. Temperate
  5. Dry Mediterranean


Kangaroos Natural Habitat - Desert

Kangaroos live in the deserts of Australia. Deserts are in all Australian states and territories. They are hot and arid places where temperatures reach up to 123.3 °F.[2] Kangaroos adapted to the extreme heat and eat the small amount of vegetation found there.

Desert biomes kangaroos inhabit include:

  • Savannas
  • Desert grassland
  • Arid plains


Kangaroos Natural Habitat - Tropical

Tropical regions of Australia are found in Queensland and the Northern Territories. These biomes offer Kangaroos vast vegetation to eat. The dense forests also provide protection against predators (like dingoes).

Tropical biomes kangaroos inhabit include:

  • Rainforests
  • Dry forests
  • Tropical grasslands


Subtropical regions are found in Queensland and New South Wales. These regions offer a mixture of forests and plains, so the kangaroos have enough vegetation to eat and vast clearings to hop around. These regions also have many farmlands which provide even more food.

Subtropical biomes kangaroos inhabit include:

  • Subtropical brushlands
  • Subtropical forests
  • Subtropical deserts


Kangaroos Natural Habitat - Temperate

Kangaroos prefer temperate regions as they offer a lot of food and space. Temperate regions are found in Queensland, New South Wales, Tasmania, Victoria, South Australia, and Western Australia. 

Australian temperate regions are full of woodlands and grassy plains, as well as farmlands.

Temperate biomes kangaroos inhabit include:

  • Grassy plains
  • Forests and woodlands
  • Farmlands

Dry Mediterranean

Kangaroos Natural Habitat - Dry Mediterranean

Dry Mediterranean regions are found in Western Australia. As kangaroos can live in extreme heat and need plants to eat, these regions are a perfect mix of weather and vegetation for them.

Temperate biomes kangaroos inhabit include:

  • Forests
  • Woodlands
  • Scrubs

What Do Kangaroos Eat in Their Habitat?

Kangaroos eat a variety of plants in their surroundings. Their only needs are access to water and plants to graze.

Kangaroos are herbivores. Although some evidence suggests that their ancestors once ate meat, their digestive system is not suited for meat consumption. Regardless, there have been occasions when kangaroos nibbled on smaller dead animals

As grazing animals (like cows) they eat ground vegetation[3] (mainly grass) and regurgitate their food in order to digest it. 

Kangaroos eat the following:

  • Grass
  • Leaves
  • Ferns
  • Flowers
  • Fruits[4]
What Do Kangaroos Eat in Their Habitat

Where Do Different Kangaroo Species Live?

The term kangaroo refers to six large species of marsupials in Australia. These six species all inhabit different parts of the continent, although some of their habitats overlap with each other.

These species are divided into two genera of Osphranter and Macropus.[5]

The Osphranter genus includes the following kangaroos:

  1. Red Kangaroo
  2. Antilopine Kangaroo
  3. Common Wallaroo
  4. Black Wallaroo

The Macropus genus includes the following kangaroos:

  1. Eastern Gray Kangaroo
  2. Western Gray Kangaroo
Red KangarooMainly arid areas of inland Australia, but almost everywhere in mainland Australia
Eastern Gray KangarooEastern Australia, mostly Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, and Tasmania
Western Gray KangarooSouthern Australia, from west Western Australia to west New South Wales and west Victoria
Antilopine KangarooNorthern Australia, from north Western Australia to Cape York Peninsula
Common WallarooAlmost all over Australia, excluding Tasmania, most of Victoria, north Queensland and some beaches along its coast, southwest Australia, and the Simpson Desert
Black WallarooA small region in Arnhem Land, Northern Territory

Where Do Red Kangaroos Live?

Where Do Red Kangaroos Live

Red kangaroos are the largest and most dominant species of kangaroos. They are spread across the continent and prefer more arid climates, as they are tolerant to extreme heat.

They share their habitat with all other kangaroo species. Black wallaroo and antilopine kangaroo territories only overlap with red kangaroos’ in a few places. 

Red kangaroos are most common in grassy planes with a few trees, but they can live in any habitat[6] with sparse vegetation and hot weather:

  • Mulga and mallee scrubs
  • Saltbush shrublands
  • Arid grasslands
  • Deserts
  • Savannas
  • Sparse woodlands

Where Do Eastern Gray Kangaroos Live?

Where Do Eastern Gray Kangaroos Live

Eastern gray kangaroos are found in eastern Australia. Their habitat is shared with red kangaroos, western gray kangaroos, and common wallaroos.

They are less tolerant to heat than Red kangaroos, but they can still survive in areas[7] with patchy vegetation:

  • Semi-arid scrubs
  • Woodlands
  • Farmlands
  • Forests

Where Do Western Gray Kangaroos Live?

Western gray kangaroos are distributed throughout southern Australia, only being introduced in Queensland and New South Wales in 1970.

Western gray kangaroo territories overlap with common wallaroo, red kangaroo, and eastern grey kangaroo ranges in small areas. 

They typically inhabit the following biomes:[8]

  • Woodlands
  • Shrublands
  • Forests
  • Scrubs
  • Pastures

Where Do Antilopine Kangaroos Live?

Where Do Antilopine Kangaroos Live
Image Source

Antilopine kangaroos inhabit northern Australia. Their habitat is shared by common wallaroos and black wallaroos.

Antilopine kangaroo territories range from arid savannas to wet floodplains:[9]

  • Savannas
  • Woodlands
  • Valleys
  • Floodplains
  • Clearings

Where Do Common Wallaroos Live?

Common wallaroos share their habitat with all other kangaroo species, although only a small amount with western gray kangaroos. They live in most of mainland Australia and stay away from the western and easternmost areas, as well as the Simpson Desert.

Common wallaroos are tolerant of extreme heat. They like to inhabit areas with hot weather with sparse vegetation:[10]

  • Hills
  • Mountainous regions
  • Dry grasslands
  • Arid plains

Where Do Black Wallaroos Live?

Where Do Black Wallaroos Live
Image Source

Black wallaroos are found in a small area in Arnhem Land, northern Australia. They share their territory with antilopine kangaroos.

Black wallaroos prefer thicker vegetation with a rocky landscape. Their habitat range from lush forests to dense plains:[11]

  • Woodlands
  • Eucalyptus forests
  • Grasslands
  • Heaths

Kangaroos Nesting Habits

Kangaroos do not build nests and shelters. They live in groups called mobs which can have more than a hundred members. Kangaroo mothers shelter their young in their pouches.

Kangaroos don’t need nests. They are social creatures that protect each other. Nests are also redundant as few natural predators threaten kangaroos.

Kangaroo mothers also do not need nests as their offspring are protected in their pouches. Kangaroo joeys grow inside their mother’s pouch until they are old enough to be let out permanently.

Kangaroos Habitat Threats

Kangaroos’ habitat is under threat of urbanization, drought, and the introduction of non-native animals.

Although kangaroos live in every climate and region of Australia, and they are classified as “least concern” on the IUCN Red List,[12] their habitat is endangered by the following:

  1. Urbanization and road building
  2. Drought and climate change
  3. Introduction of non-native animals

1. Urbanization and Road Building

Kangaroos Habitat Threats - Urbanization and Road Building

Cities and towns on the coast have chipped away from natural kangaroo territories. In desert areas, where human settlements are more sparse, national highways are built.

Kangaroos are the most susceptible animal to colliding with vehicles in Australia as they are the most widespread.[13]

2. Drought and Climate Change

Kangaroos are used to arid climates, but droughts endanger their diet. Due to climate change, droughts are more common in kangaroo-infested areas, causing the Australian vegetation to be more sparse. 

This leaves kangaroos with less food.

3. Introduction of Non-Native Animals

Colonization brought animals to the continent that were not native. The most dangerous animals to Australia’s ecosystem are rabbits.

Rabbits have no natural predators in Australia and reproduce quickly. Rabbits have the same diet as kangaroos and have intruded upon kangaroo territories, eating their food.


Kangaroos are marsupials native to Australia. The term kangaroo refers to six species that populate different areas of the continent. Kangaroos do not build nests and need greenery to graze on.

Kangaroos can live in any climate and biome of Australia. Red kangaroos prefer dry and hot areas, while black wallaroos live in regions with thick vegetation and forests.


Why Do Kangaroos Live in Australia? 

Kangaroos live in Australia because they developed here. Australia was separated from all other land masses when kangaroos evolved, which is why they are only found there. They adapted to the climate of Australia and have not migrated since.

Are Kangaroos Territorial?

No, kangaroos aren’t territorial. They move about four miles per day and travel in mobs, but they do not defend their territories from other mobs or different species. [14] Kangaroos don’t have natural competition with other animals.

Are Wallabies and Kangaroos the Same?

No, wallabies and Kangaroos aren’t the same. Although both are marsupials of the Macropod family and look similar, wallabies are smaller, weigh less, and are generally slower compared to kangaroos.

Where Are Kangaroos From?

You can only find kangaroos in Australia, but their ancestors are from South America. Although this origin dates as far back as 180 million years when all the continents were united as one landmass named Gondwana. Kangaroo ancestors lived in the territories that would only later become South America.

About Misfit Animals Staff

The Misfit Animals staff consists of animal lovers, pet enthusiasts, veterinarians, zoologists, and other animal experts. Our goal is to provide people with information on proper animal care.

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