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Can Dogs Eat Brussels Sprouts?

Yes, dogs can eat brussels sprouts. Brussels sprouts make an excellent snack for dogs while providing essential nutrients. They are also rich in fiber, which can be beneficial to their digestive system.

Brussels sprouts are small slimy cabbages that are either loved by people or despised by them. If you belong in the former category, you might be tempted to share some Brussels sprouts with your dog.

In this article, we will discuss whether Brussels sprouts are a good treat for dogs and why they must be given to dogs in moderation.

Can Dogs Eat Brussels Sprouts?

Dogs can absolutely eat Brussels sprouts. These green vegetables are a type of cruciferous plant relating to cabbages, broccoli, kale, radishes, and arugula. Brussels sprouts can be fed to dogs in certain limited quantities, but ask your veterinarian before incorporating any changes in your dog’s diet.

Brussels sprouts are not only enjoyable for dogs, they are also loaded with ample amounts of nutrients which make them a delicious and healthy snack.

These vegetables are high in fiber, which is required by dogs for proper digestion and maintaining healthy bowel movements. Brussels sprouts are also low in calories which makes them an excellent snack for dogs suffering from obesity and diabetes.

can dogs eat brussel sprouts

Are Brussels Sprouts Good for Dogs?

Yes, Brussels sprouts are good for dogs but just like with most things, too much of something can become dangerous. These cruciferous vegetables are loaded with essential nutrients that are good for dogs.

Brussels sprouts are loaded with vitamins, minerals, fiber, and Kaempferol [1], which is a type of antioxidant that lowers inflammations. These veggies provide some major essential nutrients that dogs require for their overall functioning and well-being. Some of these nutrients are:

  • Carbohydrates
  • Fats
  • Proteins
  • Sodium
  • Calcium
  • Manganese, among others

Are Brussels Sprouts Safe for Dogs?

Brussels sprouts are generally safe for dogs to consume. Although they should be eaten in moderate amounts. Brussels sprouts are rich in fiber which is a great nutrient to have in the dog’s diet.

Fiber helps keep the dog’s digestion well and ensures healthy bowel movements. Too much fiber can result in excessive bacteria buildup in the dog’s intestinal tract which leads to gas, diarrhea, and bloating.

Gas is generally the result of isothiocyanate[2], a substance abundant in cruciferous vegetables including Brussels sprouts. Isothiocyanate helps in strengthening the intestinal muscle’s ability to push waste out. This results in the buildup of excessive bacteria which is then released into the environment in the form of gas.

Brussels sprouts should be given in moderation to the dog to prevent excessive gas buildup and discharge. This can be quite uncomfortable for people in the room but is not harmful to the dogs though. Feeding your dog a single Brussels sprout can be more than enough in a day. Multiple sprouts can result in excessive gas discharge which is something you don’t want to experience.

sliced brussels sprouts for dogs

Are Brussels Sprouts Bad for Dogs?

No, Brussels sprouts aren’t harmful to dogs if eaten in moderate and controlled amounts. Excessive amounts of Brussels sprouts can cause gas and diarrhea. This is usually because dogs can have a sensitive stomach.

And while excessive gas might make you sprint out of the room, not much harm is caused to the dogs when they eat Brussels sprouts.

Are Brussels Sprouts Toxic for Dogs?

Not really. It all comes down to two things – how much Brussels sprouts you are feeding your dog and how sensitive the dog’s stomach is.

Eating too many Brussels sprouts will cause an upset stomach which can make dogs miserable and uncomfortable. If the upset stomach or diarrhea persists for several days, it is wise to consult a veterinarian and seek their advice.

If your dog is allergic to something or has some dietary issues, consider consulting the doctor before you make any changes in the dog’s diet.

Can Dogs Eat Raw Brussels Sprouts?

No, raw Brussels sprouts are tough to digest. A dog’s digestive system can have a hard time digesting the raw Brussels sprout which might result in further gas discharge or other digestion problems.

Eating raw Brussels sprouts can be too hard for a dog’s stomach, especially if the dog has an overly sensitive stomach as this might lead to constipation, gas discharge, or even diarrhea.

Can Dogs Eat Raw Brussels Sprouts

How to Prepare Brussel Sprouts for Dogs?

Steaming and boiling are the best ways to serve Brussel sprouts to your dog. You should cook the veggies till they become tender and soft. Try not to overcook your sprouts as they can lose their nutritional value if cooked for too long.

The first step in feeding your dog Brussel sprouts is to choose the right one when buying them at the market. Fresh green ones are loaded with nutrients. Make sure there are no wilted or brown leaves as they are not healthy for dogs. 

Wash them with water thoroughly and cut the excess stem and the hard parts of the sprout so they can be easily digested. You can also choose to cut them into smaller pieces which are recommended if your pooch is of a smaller breed.

Health Benefits of Brussels Sprouts for Dogs

Brussels sprouts are loaded with ample amounts of vitamins and minerals that are great for humans and dogs alike. They also help provide the essential nutrients dogs need to remain healthy, fit, and active throughout the day.

Some of the health benefits of Brussels sprouts are:

Antioxidants

Brussels sprouts are rich in antioxidants such as Kaempferol, an inflammation-reducing agent. These antioxidants prevent oxidative cell damage and fight against free radicals to protect dogs’ health.

Dietary Fiber

Brussels sprouts are loaded with dietary fiber which is essential for dogs to maintain healthy bowel movements and digestion. These veggies contain insoluble fiber which attracts water to the feces, softening it up so it can pass through the intestinal tract with ease and prevent constipation and other incidences of stomach diseases.

Vitamins A, B1, B6, C, and K

These vitamins keep dogs healthy by protecting against cancer-causing agents and boosting their immune systems. They also prevent heart diseases, maintain blood circulation, regulate calcium levels, and aid the development of new cells.

Minerals

Manganese, Calcium, and Potassium are some of the essential minerals found in Brussels sprouts. These minerals provide several health benefits to dogs such as maintaining bone health, cell function, muscle function, homeostasis[3], and the overall wellbeing of dogs.

Weight Loss

If a dog is suffering from obesity or has a higher-than-average body weight, a low-calorie fulfilling diet is a way to go. Brussels sprouts are low in calories but high in fiber which not only helps keep the caloric intake in check, but the fiber also slows digestion which aids in less eating and munching throughout the day.

Nutritional Value of Brussels Sprouts

Brussels sprouts are high in nutrition and contain ample amounts of vitamins, minerals, fiber, and antioxidants to aid in the proper and efficient functioning of dogs. The chart below refers to the number of major nutrients in Brussels sprouts based on an average intake.[4]

Nutritional Value in 1 Serving of Brussels Sprout (21 gms)
Calories 7.56 kcal
Carbohydrates 1.49 gms
Fat 105 mg
Fiber 546 mg
Protein 535 mg
Vitamin C 13 mg
Water 18.7 gms
Sugars 365 mg
Sodium 4.41 mg
Calcium 7.56 mg

Should Dogs Eat Brussels Sprouts?

Yes, dogs should eat Brussels sprouts, except if your veterinarian has specified otherwise, as they are healthy for dogs to consume. 

Brussels sprouts provide ample nutrients and have several health benefits, such as:

  • Improved immune system
  • Better healing
  • Strong bones
  • Excellent metabolism
  • Reduced risk of cancer

Only cooked Brussels sprouts should be fed to dogs as they are hard to digest when eaten raw which can result in an upset stomach. Cooked Brussel sprouts will prevent these uncomfortable situations so your dog can get the full benefits of the vegetable without inheriting any of the problems.

Alternatives

Brussel sprouts make for great snacks for dogs, but there are many other foods you can feed to your dog which are also healthy and provide the essential nutrients, such as:

Conclusion

Brussels sprouts are loaded with nutrients that dogs require to maintain health. These small green cabbages are great for dogs and help prevent major intestinal problems by providing insoluble fiber which improves digestion.

As with most things, it is recommended to consult a veterinarian before making any changes to your dog’s diet as it can have adverse effects on your dog if they are allergic to certain compounds present in Brussels sprouts.

Once you have consulted with the doctor, start slowly adding Brussels sprouts to your dog’s daily intake. Notice any changes in the digestion and bowel movements and once it feels comfortable with Brussels sprouts, make them a regular part of their diet.

FAQs

Can Dogs Eat Brussels Sprout Leaves?

Yes, dogs can eat cooked Brussels sprout leaves. Fresh green leaves are recommended as they provide the most nutrients. Wilted and brown leaves do not provide adequate nutrients and are not good for dogs, so they should be avoided.

Can Dogs Eat Cooked Brussels Sprout?

Yes. Brussels sprouts are recommended to be served cooked to dogs as raw Brussels sprouts are hard to digest and can result in constipation, gas discharge, and other digestion problems.

About Dennis Stapleton

Dennis Stapleton has a passion for animals, especially dogs, and their relatives. He’s intrigued by their social structure and loves to write and teach about the world's most popular pet animal.